Citation in text and References

Citation in text and References

For citation and references please use APA Style. Examples are available below, for more information check

Citation in text

The author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text (Author, year), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

For example:

(Jones, 2014)

(Jones, Hall & Bell, 2015)

As stated by Jones (2015)

According to Jones and Hall (2011)

As described by Jones et al. (2012)

If there is a direct quotation from a work, the author, year of publication, and the page number should be included.  For example: According to Jones (2001) „direct quotation“ (p.121)


References should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

Where there are two authors, both names should be referenced in the text with the usage of &, thus Black, J., & Jones, T.

Where there are more than seven authors, the first six authors should be listed and then ellipses should be used after the sixth author's name. After the ellipses, the last author's name of the work should be listed.

For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.


Article in Journal:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. 

Basic Format for Books:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of the book. Location: Publisher.

Article from online source:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000


Important Note: Please make sure you remove any figure, tables, website screenshots, graphics,..etc., from the paper from any published article unless you have a written permission. You need to obtain written permissions from the publisher to include any copyrighted material in your manuscript.  Mentioning only the source with a reference is not enough. 






  • absolvent

    Adam KlavíkTourism Management

    I graduated with a bachelor's degree from the College of European and Regional Studies in České Budějovice and transferred to UCB in Prague to do my master's degree. Great choice – UCB is much more like a public school and the quality of lecturers is 100% better. For example, my teacher Mrs. Palatková is someone to know in tourism.

  • absolvent

    Jan Šrámek

    At UCB, I learned to be independent and gained experience in the field. Wherever we entered student competitions, we walked away with awards. During my studies I became part of the organizational structure of several projects in tourism. I can't wait to start working full time.

  • absolvent

    Petra Benešová

    I graduated from UCB, now I teach here. Much has changed over the years. The school is constantly moving forward, focusing more on gaining practice, the subjects are more professional and tightly focused. Although the competition on the market is huge, UCB is doing very well and I can heartily recommend it.

  • absolvent

    Jana Valentová

    Schools graduated from: School of Performing Arts, PALESTRA Academy of Physical Education and Sport, University College of Business. Motto: Don't be a jerk in life or liar on stage! "So which title do you use?" "None." Laughter. "More important is what I have in my head."

  • absolvent

    Kristína Jíšová

    UCB is one of the few schools in the Czech Republic that really does offer experience. During our studies, we worked on projects where the results were then taken up by the National Monuments Institute. Many lectures were also given by external lecturers, so we learned how things really work in the world.

  • absolvent

    Simona Kremerová

    She works as a Program Coordinator at Smaller Earth. In 2009, she did an internship in New York. She lived in England for three and a half years and worked for an Australian travel agency. Work never bothered Simona, so when she was given the chance to go to America to work as kitchen help, she didn't hesitate for a moment. She got experience, made new friends, and traveled around the United States with the money she earned. This opened the door to job opportunities in Spain and England. She's working today.

  • absolvent

    Jakub Velička

    He studied aviation theory at Oxford Aviation Academy. He completed his practical training in the Czech Republic and Poland. He holds a CPL/ME/IR pilot license. As a child, Jakub dreamed of becoming a pilot one day. He faced a twisting road to it and had to sacrifice a lot. He started off by studying Marketing Communication at the University of Finance and Administration in Prague, then moved to Airline Management at UCB. To save time and money on pilot training, he started his own company. Today he is within reach of his dream.