Scientific Papers

The scientific paper is a written and published report describing original research results. A well-written scientific paper explains the scientist's motivation for providing a research, the research design and execution, and the meaning of the results.

The structure of the scientific paper should be as follows: Title, Abstract, Keywords, JEL Classification, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussions, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References (Supplementary Data).

Scientific papers are written in a style that is exceedingly clear and concise. Their purpose is to inform an audience about an important issue and to document the particular approach they used to investigate that issue. Avoid first person language and instead write using third person language. For example, replace “We determined that…” with “The authors determined that….”.

If English is not the researcher’s first language, then proofreading by a native speaker might be helpful.

Title of the Paper (14pt Times New Roman, Bold, left justified) in English Language

Leave 2 blank lines

Author´s name/names (12 pt Times New Roman)

Affiliation (12 pt Times New Roman)

Abstract in English language Leave 1 blank line

An abstract is a brief summary of the most important points in a scientific paper. It is a highly condensed version of the paper itself. After reading the abstract, the reader knows the main points that the author/authors has/have to make. The reader can then evaluate the significance of the paper and then decide whether or not she or he wishes to read the full paper. Please, do not exceed 800 characters sentences. Leave 1 blank line

Key words: maximum 10 words. Leave 2 blank lines

JEL Classification: maximum 3 indexes. Leave 2 blank lines
For JEL Classification please, go to:

1. Introduction Leave 1 blank line

The heading of each section should be written in 13 pt, bold, Times New Roman, left justified. Please, use numbers 1, 2, … for the sections. For the text of the section use 12 pt Times New Roman, single spacing. Leave 1 blank line between blocks of text.

The length of the paper should not exceed 20 pages, 1800 characters per page, justified. Tables, figures, illustrations, and references are excluded from the word count. Leave 2 blank lines between successive sections and/or subsections.

2. Methodology Leave 1 blank line

The heading of each subsection should be written in 12 pt, bold, Times New Roman, left justified. Please, use numbers 1.1, 1.1.1…. for subsections.  For the text of the subsection use 12 pt Times New Roman. Leave 2 blank lines between successive subsections and/or sub-subsections.

3. Results and Discussions Leave 1 blank line

The heading of each sub-subsection should be written in 11 pt, bold, Times New Roman, left justified. Please, use numbers 1.1, 1.1.1…. for subsections.  For the text of the subsection use 12 pt Times New Roman. Leave 2 blank lines between successive subsections and/or sub-subsections.

Graphs and tables should be numbered as follows: Graph 1, Graph 2 etc; Table 1, Table 2 etc. The heading of each graph and table should be written in 11 pt, bold, Times New Roman, left justified. The words “Table 1”, “Graph 8” etc. should be on the right. Leave 1 blank line between the heading and the graph or table.

Under each graph or table the source must be provided and should be written in 10 pt. Leave 1 blank line between the graph or table and the source.

Leave 2 blank lines between successive subsections and/or sub-subsections.

For citation please use APA Style. Examples: (Jones, 2014); (Jones, Hall & Bell, 2015); As stated by Jones (2015); According to Jones and Hall (2011); As described by Jones et al. (2012).

If there is a direct quotation from a work, the author, year of publication, and the page number should be included.  For example: According to Jones (2001) „direct quotation“ (p.121); „direct quotation“ (Jones, 2001, p. 121).

For more information check Leave 2 blank lines between successive sections, subsections and/or sub-subsections.

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title  and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Number illustrations consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any  notes below the illustration body.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

4. Conclusion Leave 1 blank line

Please, follow the instructions carefully, otherwise, you will be asked to resubmit the full paper. Thank you for your collaboration and contribution. Leave 2 blank lines between successive sections, subsections and/or sub-subsections.

5. References Leave 1 blank line

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).

References should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

For citation and references please use APA Style. For more information check

Where there are two authors, both names should be referenced in the text with the usage of &, thus Black, J., & Jones, T.

Where there are more than seven authors, the first six authors should be listed and then ellipses should be used after the sixth author's name. After the ellipses, the last author's name of the work should be listed.

For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. 

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of the book. Location: Publisher.

For web references as a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Dowloaded from (Accessed June 15, 2018).

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000

Leave 2 blank lines  

Brief description of Author/Authors:

Please, write the Author´s name and titles (in 12 pt, Times New Roman, bold), Department, Faculty, Affiliation, Address, Country, Affiliation web page, email address of Author. Please, introduce the Author´s position, the main field of research, and interest shan ortly. Please, do not exceed 500 characters.

Technical Notes for Authors:

The paper should be submitted through Open Journal System  

Please submit the article as follows:

(1) Title page (with author details). This page should include the title, authors' names, affiliations, acknowledgments and a complete address for the  authors including brief description of authors and e-mail addresses.

(2) Blinded manuscript (no author details). The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names, affiliations and brief description of authors. Please, name the file as follows: blind_title of the paper 

Articles should have been proofread and corrected for errors and will be regarded as accurate; authors are responsible for factual content and proofread.

Papers published in Journal of Tourism and Services are subject to the academic processes of anonymous peer reviewing.

Papers written by members of the Editorial Board will be refereed by an independent referee.

Only visual data, images, etc. over which the author(s) have copyright may be used unless permission has been obtained and acknowledged - it is the responsibility of the authors to obtain such permissions. Please make sure you remove any figure, tables, website screenshots, graphics,..etc., from the paper from any published article unless you have a written permission. You need to obtain written permissions from the publisher to include any copyrighted material in your manuscript.  Mentioning only the source with a reference is not enough. 

Simultaneous submissions to other print or electronic journals are not permitted.





that's them

Graduates of our school

Adam Klavík


I got my bachelor’s degree in VŠERS in České Budějovice and moved to VŠO in Prague for my master’s degree. And I don’t regret it – VŠO is much more similar to a public school and the quality of teacher is 100% better. For example Ms. Palatková, who taught me, is a big name in the tourist industry.

Jan Šrámek


On VŠO, I have learnt to be independent and gained practice in my field. In all places where we went within the scope of student competitions, we have been winning awards. Already during my studies I became a part of the organisational structure of few projects in tourism. I can’t wait till I start working full-time.

Petra Benešová


I have graduated from VŠO and now I even teach there. Much has changed over the years – the school keeps going forward, is now more focused on practice, the subjects are more technical and more narrowly focused. Even though the competition on the market is huge, VŠO getting on very well and I can recommend it easily.

Jana Valentová


Graduated from: VOŠ - acting, Academy of Physical Education and Sport PALESTRA, University College of Business. Motto: Do not be an oaf in life and a liar on the stage! „Which title do you use then? „None.“ Laugh. „After all, it is more important what I have in my head.“

Kristína Jíšová


VŠO is one of the few schools in the Czech Republic, which really focuses on practice. During the studies, we have for example: worked on projects, whose results were inspected by the National Heritage Institution. A lot of the lectures were also led by external lectors, so we were learning things as they were applied in real life.

Simona Kremerová


Simona works as a Program Coordinator in the company Smaller Earth. In year 2009 she took part in a work stay in New York. She spent three and a half year in England and worked for an Australian travel agency. Work never bothered Simona and that is why, when she got the opportunity to go to America as kitchen help, she did hesitate. She gathered experience, found new friends and travelled through some parts of the United States with the money she earned. That is how job opportunities in England or Spain opened up to her.

Jakub Velička


He studied aviation theory on the Oxford Aviation Academy. He went through practical training in Czech Republic and Poland. He is a holder of CPL/ME/IR licences. 

Jaroslava Kolářová


Jaroslava has finished a study stay in Italy. During her studies she works in the hotel industry. She can speak Italian, English, French and a bit of Spanish. Jaroslava has always known what she wanted to reach in life and tries to reach that, no matter how impossible that might seem to someone. You will not find words such as “not possible”, “I don’t have a chance” or “I will not try” in her vocabulary.

Barbora Malá


Barbora has worked as a call centre questioner or a project manager. She has newly started as a VŠO Marketing Manager and leads the Client centre. Her hobbies are travelling, volleyball and cycling.